Diseases caused by degenerative lesions of the arterial bed (Marfan syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, Erdheim's tumor, neurofibromatosis) can cause the formation of revia pills and dissections. Fibromuscular dysplasia often results in damage to the renal, carotid, and iliac arteries. Multiple vascular lesions are noted in systemic vasculitis and connective tissue diseases: Buerger's disease (thromboangiitis obliterans) often manifests at a young age in male smokers. Symptoms are caused by acute inflammation, thrombosis of arteries and veins, both upper and lower extremities.
In other studies, however, there has been a more even distribution of LAD between the sexes and even a female predominance among patients with LAD. Age. As is clear from the preceding discussion of epidemiology, both the incidence and prevalence of LAD increase sharply with age. Smoking. Smoking is one of the main risk factors for LAD. It contributes to the development of revia pills times more often than coronary pathology. In large epidemiological studies, it was found that smoking increases the risk of developing LAD by 2-6 times, HRP by 3-10 times.
In epidemiological studies, a greater increase in total cholesterol levels has been noted in patients with CP than in individuals without LAD. LDL levels were higher in patients with LAD and lower in patients without peripheral arterial pathology in age-matched groups. The relationship between hypertriglyceridemia and LAH is not fully understood. Arterial hypertension (AH). AH correlates with LAD, although the relationship is weaker than with cerebrovascular and coronary pathology. In some studies, hypertension increases the risk of LAD, in others it does not. According to the Framingham study, hypertension increases the risk of naltrexone pills by 2.5 and 4 times in men and women, respectively, while the risk was proportional to the severity of arterial hypertension.
Elevated levels of homocysteine. An increase in the level of homocysteine in the blood increases the risk of LAD by 2-3 times. According to a study in the European Union, fasting homocysteine concentrations of more than 12.1 μmol/l are associated with a 2-fold increase in the risk of developing atherosclerosis, including LAD, coronary heart disease (CHD), acute cerebrovascular accident (ACV), regardless of other risk factors ( FR).
Low Dose Naltrexone
Hyperhomocysteinemia is believed to increase the risk of revia to LAD, however, the etiological role of homocysteine remains unknown, as no studies have been reported investigating the decrease in homocysteine levels in LAD. Elevated levels of C-reactive protein (CRP). CRP, a serum marker of systemic inflammation, is associated with LAD. The Physicians' Health Study found that CRP levels were higher in individuals who subsequently developed LAD and much higher in patients operated on for LAD.